Posts Tagged ‘ eyes ’

Detecting diabetic retinopathy

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What is diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye (retina). It can cause blindness if left undiagnosed and untreated.

However, it usually takes several years for diabetic retinopathy to reach a stage where it could threaten your sight.

To minimise the risk of this happening, people with diabetes should:

  • ensure they control their blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol
  • attend diabetic eye screening appointments – annual screening is offered to all people with diabetes aged 12 and over to pick up and treat any problems early on

How diabetes can affect the eyes

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of cells at the back of the eye that converts light into electrical signals. The signals are sent to the brain and the brain turns them into the images you see.

The retina needs a constant supply of blood, which it receives through a network of tiny blood vessels. Over time, a persistently high blood sugar level can damage these blood vessels in three main stages:

  • tiny bulges develop in the blood vessels, which may bleed slightly but don’t usually affect your vision – this is known as background retinopathy
  • more severe and widespread changes affect the blood vessels, including more significant bleeding into the eye – this is known as pre-proliferative retinopathy
  • scar tissue and new blood vessels, which are weak and bleed easily, develop on the retina – this is known as proliferative retinopathy and it can result in some loss of vision

However, if a problem with your eyes is picked up early, lifestyle changes and/or treatment can stop it getting worse.

Detect diabetic retinopathy at Henry Smith and Hamylton

We can detect early signs of diabetes with our advanced Retinal Imaging tests- Retinal digital photography, Optomap in our Leicester city centre and OCT in our Peterborough practice. It’s important to have regular eye examinations (at least every 2 years or more often) because we don’t always experience symptoms when there are eye problems. Early detection helps to keep the eyes healthy and vision clear.

 

 

Source: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetic-retinopathy/

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How often should you get your eyes tested

The NHS recommends that most people should get their eyes tested every two years.

However in some circumstances, they may recommend more frequent NHS sight tests;
for example, if you:

-are a child wearing glasses
-have diabetes
-are aged 40 or over and have a family history of glaucoma
-are aged 70 or over

You sight test does not only tell you if your sight has got worse, it can also detect some
eye-related pathologies, such as glaucoma, cataracts or retinal problems, and some non eye-related ones such as:

Diabetes
Hypertention
Autoimmune disorders (ex. Lupus)
High Cholesterol
Thyroid disease
Cancer
Tumors

If your doctor notices that the structure of your eye is unusual, you may be referred to a specialist.
Droopy eyelid or irregularly shaped pupils could possibly indicate a neck tumor or an aneurism.

Some of the services at Henry Smith and Hamylton Opticians include:

– Specialist Macular Degeneration Lenses

– Children’s Eye Health

– Dry Eye Clinics

– Cataract Services

-3D Retinal Scan*

-Retinal Photography*

-Glaucoma Screening

-Diabetes Check

-Colour Blindness Check

-DVLA Assessment

 

Get in contact with us and book an eye test today!

HSH Leicester city centre: (0116) 262 7775

Keep your eyes healthy with food

kale-clementine-and-feta-salad-with-honey-lime-dressing-recipe

Choosing a healthy diet is not only important for general health and a thin silhouette, it is also very important for your eyes.

Carrots and blueberries are very popular when it comes to eye health, although they’re not the only ones! There’s plenty of other foods that may be useful for keeping your eyesight keen as you age.

Vitamins C and E, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, and omega-3 fatty acids all play a role in eye health. They can help prevent cataracts and may also help preventing the most-likely cause of vision loss when you’re older: age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Here is a short list of good foods for your eyes:

-Kale, spinach and broccoli

They contains plenty of antioxidants! These leafy greens are loaded with two of the best nutrients for eyes, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

-Grapefruit, Strawberries and Brussels Sprout

Vitamin C is a top antioxidant. These foods are among the top sources of vitamin C. Half a grapefruit and a handful of Brussels sprouts or strawberries (one-half cup) a day and you’re good to go. Papaya, oranges, and green peppers are other good sources.

-Seeds, Nuts and Wheat Germ

Most of us don’t get as much vitamin E, important to keep healthy tissue strong, as we should from food.

Have a small handful of sunflower seeds, or use a tablespoon of wheat germ oil in your salad dressing for a big boost.

Almonds, pecans, and vegetable oils are also good sources.

Below we propose an easy-to-make recipe that is also optician-approved! 😉

KALE, CLEMENTINE AND FETA SALAD WITH HONEY-LIME DRESSING

Colorful raw kale salad made with clementines, radish, avocado and pepitas, tossed in a honey, lime and jalapeño dressing. This salad is gluten free and easily made vegan by omitting the feta and substituting agave nectar for the honey.

INGREDIENTS

Kale salad

  • 1 bunch kale
  • 1 avocado, diced
  • 1 medium pomegranate, arils removed, or a handful of dried cranberries
  • 4 clementines, peeled and sliced into rounds or small strips
  • 4 small radishes, sliced into thin rounds and then into skinny strips
  • Handful fresh cilantro, chopped
  • ⅓ cup crumbled feta
  • ¼ cup pepitas (AKA pumpkin seeds) or sunflower seeds

Honey-Lime Dressing

  • 3 tablespoons fresh lime juice (about 2 small limes)
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 medium jalapeño, membranes and seeds removed, finely chopped
  • 2 teaspoons honey (or agave nectar)
  • 1 teaspoon Dijon mustard
  • ¼ teaspoon chili powder
  • ⅛ teaspoon fine grain sea salt

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. First, make the dressing by whisking together all of the ingredients in a small bowl.
  2. Prepare the kale by slicing out the stems and chopping out the leaves into small, bite-sized pieces. Transfer the kale to a big salad bowl. Sprinkle a small pinch of sea salt over the kale and massage the leaves with your hands by lightly scrunching big handfuls at a time, until the leaves are darker in color and fragrant.
  3. Drizzle salad dressing over the kale (you might not need all of the dressing) and toss well so the kale is lightly coated with dressing. Add the prepared avocado, pomegranate (or dried cranberries), clementines, radishes, cilantro and feta to the bowl.
  4. Toast the pepitas in a skillet over medium-low heat for a few minutes, stirring frequently, until they smell fragrant and toasty. Transfer the pepitas to the salad bowl. Toss the salad to combine and serve.

NB: this recipe comes from: COOKIEANDKATE.COM

Heat Therapy to treat dry eyes

Dry Eye Syndrome is the most frequently diagnosed ophthalmic condition, we spoke about it in this post.
The normal ageing process brings changes to the meibomian gland function and tear composition resulting in painful, gritty and irritating dry eye.
Effective eyelid warming is the primary treatment for MGD.
The MGDRx® EyeBag® was developed in 2004 by British consultant ophthalmologist Mr Teifi James after 15 years experience of treating patients with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD).
The MGDRx® EyeBag®, a reusable warm compress, which heats quickly and conveniently in a microwave, has been registered as a class 1 medical device with the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) since 2005. Teifi James was granted a patent for his invention in 2009.
Improving the quality of life for dry eye patients, the MGDRx® EyeBag® has been purchased by over 500,000 users and in a recent survey, more than 90% found the EyeBag® to be better than a hot wet flannel and would recommend the product to a friend or relative.
If you want to know more about Heat Therapy give us a call or walk into one of our practice around Leicester and Peterborough

What is Dry Eye Syndrome

 

Dry Eye Syndrome is the most frequently diagnosed ophthalmic condition and literally millions of people around the world suffer to some degree with its symptoms. Furthermore, the normal ageing process brings changes to the meibomian gland function and tear composition resulting in painful, gritty and irritating dry eye.

Other symptoms can be red or excessive watery eyes, contact lens discomfort and tired eyes to name some.

WHAT CAUSES DRY EYE SYNDROME?

Factors like increasing age, dry environment and pollution, computer use and blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).

WHAT YOU CAN DO

In some cases symptoms can be relieved by making a few simple changes,

like avoiding dry environments such as air conditioning, or take regular breaks from your computer to rest your eyes.

If that’s not enough HSH Opticians provide a personalised treatment programme to manage the symptoms of dry eye including:

– Ocular Lubricants according to the type of dry eye detected

– Heat therapy

– Lid massage

– Lid Hygiene

– Nutritional supplements

Get in contact with us to know more about Dry Eye Syndrome!